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What is a ridge split procedure

Bridging the Gap: Understanding the Ridge Split Procedure in Dental Surgery

In the realm of dental surgery, various techniques aim to overcome challenges related to insufficient bone width, creating opportunities for successful implant placement. The ridge split procedure, also known as horizontal or crestal ridge augmentation, is one such innovative approach. Let's delve into the details of the ridge split procedure, exploring how it addresses bone deficiencies and paves the way for stable dental implant placement.

1. Understanding Bone Resorption:**

- Natural Bone Changes: Over time, the alveolar ridge, which houses the teeth, can undergo resorption due to tooth loss, trauma, or other factors. This resorption may result in insufficient bone width, posing challenges for dental implant placement.

2. Purpose of Ridge Split Procedure:**

- Bone Augmentation: The primary objective of the ridge split procedure is to augment the width of the alveolar ridge horizontally. This is crucial when the existing bone width is insufficient to support the placement of dental implants.

- Creating Adequate Space: By splitting the ridge, additional space is created for bone graft material, promoting bone regeneration and providing a more robust foundation for dental implants.

3. Candidates for Ridge Split:**

- Implant Candidates: Individuals planning to undergo dental implant surgery may be candidates for the ridge split procedure, especially if there is insufficient bone width in the implant site.

- Horizontal Bone Deficiency: Patients with horizontal bone deficiencies, often resulting from tooth loss or resorption, are ideal candidates for this procedure.

4. Procedure Overview:**

- Pre-operative Assessment: Before the ridge split procedure, thorough pre-operative assessments, including imaging studies such as CT scans, help determine the extent of bone deficiency and plan the surgery accordingly.

- Local Anesthesia: The patient is administered local anesthesia to ensure a pain-free experience during the procedure.

- Incision and Ridge Splitting: An incision is made along the crest of the alveolar ridge, and a controlled split is created using specialized instruments. This split allows for the safe insertion of bone graft material.

- Bone Graft Placement: The gap created by the ridge split is filled with bone graft material, which can be autogenous (patient's own bone), allograft (donor bone), xenograft (animal bone), or synthetic material.

- Stabilization: In some cases, fixation devices like screws or titanium mesh may be employed to stabilize the split ridge and support the bone graft.

5. Bone Regeneration and Healing:**

- Osseointegration Process: Over the following months, the bone graft material integrates with the existing bone in a process known as osseointegration. This promotes horizontal bone regeneration and enhances the overall width of the alveolar ridge.

- Preparation for Implant Placement: Once sufficient bone regeneration has occurred, the patient is ready for dental implant placement in the augmented site.

6. Post-Procedure Care:**

- Recovery Period: After the ridge split procedure, patients may experience mild swelling and discomfort. Following the prescribed post-operative care instructions, including any recommended pain medications or antibiotics, is essential.

- Monitoring Healing: Regular follow-up appointments allow the dental professional to monitor the healing progress and assess the readiness for the next stages of treatment.

7. Benefits of Ridge Split:**

- Addressing Bone Deficiency: The ridge split procedure effectively addresses horizontal bone deficiencies, creating a more favorable environment for successful dental implant placement.

- Minimally Invasive: Compared to some alternative procedures, the ridge split is considered a relatively minimally invasive technique, reducing trauma to the surrounding tissues.

8. Consultation with a Dental Professional:**

- Individualized Assessment: If you're considering dental implants and suspect bone deficiencies, consult with a dental professional. They will conduct a comprehensive assessment, including imaging, to determine if the ridge split procedure is suitable for your specific case.


The ridge split procedure is a valuable tool in the field of dental surgery, offering a solution for individuals with insufficient bone width in the alveolar ridge. By carefully splitting the ridge and introducing bone graft material, this technique promotes horizontal bone regeneration, creating an optimal foundation for successful dental implant placement. Always consult with a qualified dental professional to determine the most suitable treatment plan based on your unique oral health needs.

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Call ☎️ us at 98551-23234 today to schedule your dental appointment with us. Our team of top cosmetic dentists and best smile design dentists in Chandigarh will address all your dental concerns and will provide you with the million dollar smile. Dr Anshu Gupta (MDS PGI Chandigarh) is the director of Advanced Dental Care Center, Chandigarh, India. Advanced Dental Care Center in Chandigarh was started in 2005 and over years it has won numerous awards.There are 1714 google reviews about our clinic and services from patients around the globe. We are the pioneers and leaders of dental tourism in India. We treat numerous international dental patients and NRI patients looking for world-class dental treatment in Chandigarh. Our clinic is a complete multi-specialty clinic with a strong emphasis on world-class hygiene and sterilization. We have the latest and ultramodern equipment including CBCT, OPG, Digital X-rays and dental lasers. We also have the latest dental equipment in-house for all types of advanced dental treatments including dental implants and laser dentistry.  

Some of the dental treatment procedures offered by Advanced Dental Care Center in Chandigarh are :

1. Single visit Root canal treatment   

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3. Dental implants

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