Pedodontics - Dentistry for children
We offer following dental services for children:
Pit and Fissure sealants
Topical Fluoride application
The pediatric dentist is the specialist who is dedicated to the oral health of children from infancy through the teenage years. The very young, pre-teens and teenagers all need a different approach in dealing with their behavior, guiding their dental growth and development, and helping them avoid future dental problems. The pediatric dentist is best qualified to meet these needs.
The Advanced Dental Care Center is dedicated to encouraging as many children as we can reach, to adopt good habits in dental hygiene. To this end, we offer reduced fee dental services to underprivileged children. We do our utmost to create an atmosphere of positive reinforcement making the children as comfortable as possible throughout their visit. Although the center would like to offer its services as broadly as possible, it is necessary to establish eligibility guidelines pertaining to prospective patients.
Children's teeth begin forming before they are even born. The first primary, or baby teeth, to erupt through the gums are the lower central incisors. These are followed closely by the upper central incisors which come through around four months after birth. Although all twenty primary teeth have usually appeared by the time the child reaches three years old, the pace and order of eruption varies from child to child.
Oral care should begin soon after birth. Gums should be cleaned after each feeding. You should begin brushing your child's teeth as soon as they appear.
Permanent teeth start to come through around the age of six. This begins with the first molars and lower central incisors. This process continues until approximately age twenty-one.
Adults have twenty-eight permanent teeth, or up to thirty-two including the third molars (wisdom teeth).
Children' s Teeth
Taking Care Of Your Children's Teeth
You should always clean your infant's gums after feeding. Gums should be wiped with a clean, damp cloth or gauze pad. Parents should brush children's teeth daily with a soft wet toothbrush and a pea sized amount of fluoride toothpaste. Schedule a dental visit between 6-12 months of age. When children are very young it is necessary to supervise their brushing to ensure proper brushing habits are adopted.
Your dentist will probably recommend regular fluoride treatments which will strengthen enamel and help your child’s teeth resist decay. You should provide your child with fluoridated water and always use an I.D.A. accepted fluoridated toothpaste.
To prevent your child suffering from nursing bottle mouth, you must give your baby a bottle at nap or bed time. Fill the bottle with plain water and not milk, formula or juice.
Dental sealants can provide a further layer of protection against cavities. They are plastic coatings which are painted onto the grooved chewing surfaces at the back of the teeth.
We offer services of best pedodontists in India trained at PGI and AIIMS, India.
Pediatric dentists have had special training, which allows them to provide the most up-to-date and thorough treatment for a wide variety of children's' dental problems. They are trained and qualified to treat special patients who may have emotional, physical or mental handicaps. Because of this specialized training and commitment to comprehensive oral health, many parents wisely choose a pediatric dentist to treat their children.
Our clinic provides dental care for children in a delightful, fun dental atmosphere. Among the services provided by our pediatric dentist include fissure sealant, fluoride applications, space maintainers, tooth – colored fillings, stainless steel crown, and habit breaking appliances.
Pit and Fissure Dental Sealants
Dental Sealants or pit and fissure sealants, are made of a thin plastic material that is applied to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth — premolars and molars. Dental sealants along with daily oral hygiene can keep your children's teeth free of tooth decay.
Why to use Dental Sealants
The chewing surfaces of molars and premolars are not smooth. They have pits and fissures where the toothbrush bristles can't reach. So dental plaque is free to grow causing tooth decay (even with good dental hygiene). Most of the cavities on a kid's freshly erupted permanent teeth occur in these areas.
Dental caries research have revealed that almost 84% of caries in ages 5-17 involved these pit and fissure areas.
How do Dental Sealants work
A dental sealant is a clear or white, liquid-plastic material applied on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth. This plastic resin bonds into the depressions and grooves (pit and fissure) of the teeth surfaces making them smooth and much easier to clean by brushing.
The role of dental sealants is to act as a barrier, protecting the enamel from the acids produced by the bacteria of dental plaque. The use of pit and fissure sealants has been shown to reduce tooth decay and cavities by more than 50% (and over 70% along with proper dental hygiene). Dental sealants are effective in preventing pit and fissure caries and complement fluoride's role which is more effective for smooth surface caries.
Application of pit and fissure sealants
Dental sealants are easy for the pediatric dentist to apply, and painless for the child. After the tooth is cleaned and dried, the chewing surfaces are roughened with an etching solution or gel to help the sealant adhere to the tooth. After a few minutes the tooth is cleaned and dried again. Then the dental sealant is 'painted' on the tooth enamel and hardened with a special 'curing' light. It takes only a few minutes to seal each tooth. Dental sealants can last as long as five years and often longer.
Pit and fissure dental sealants should be applied soon after the molars have erupted, before the teeth have a chance to decay.
As long as the sealant remains intact, the tooth surface could be almost 100% protected from tooth decay. During regular dental visits, your dentist will check the condition of the dental sealants and reapply them when necessary.
The use of pit and fissure dental sealants in combination with fluoride is the most cost-effective way to protect the teeth of children who are at higher risk for tooth decay.
Does the Process Hurt?
Sealants are easy and painless for your dentist to apply, and it only takes a few minutes to seal each tooth. As long as the sealant remains intact, the sealed tooth surface will be protected from decay. Sealants hold up well under the force of normal chewing and usually last several years. During your regular dental visits, your dentist will check the condition of the sealants and reapply them if necessary.
Topical Fluoride application:
The role of fluoride in preventing dental caries is unequivocal. In case of topical fluoride application the reduction in caries experience in children can reach up to 60%.
The number of topical fluoride applications per year depends on the caries risk of a particular child, but a minimum of two applications is considered the optimum in most cases.
A child may loose a baby tooth prematurely (i.e. before it was supposed to fall out
naturally). The reason for this is usually the dentist removes it because it is decayed
or there is an abscess.
This early loss of a baby tooth may cause problems with the development of the
The space in the dental arch for the successive permanent tooth may be lost causing
a permanent tooth to become impacted.
The centreline of the permanent teeth may shift to the left or right side depending on which side the baby tooth was lost early.
To prevent the development of these problems sometimes a space-maintainer is fitted. There are a number of different designs of space maintainers to suit different situations. They may be fixed or removable
Two types of crowns are available and can be used in children. The first is the stainless steel crown, which is used to restore a largely decayed primary molar, or a pulpally treated molar. The second is the cellulose crown and is used to restore an anteriorly decayed incisor.
Click here to view some of the case studies from our clinic.